Behavior Analysis for Effective Teaching
Behavior Analysis for Effective Teaching
General information about Learning Difficulties
First created the field of learning disabilities is (Samuel CARE), which is the first to recognize the difficulties of learning in 1963 and was able this year to bring together parents and went to the American president to recognize the difficulties of learning and is worth mentioning that the first spoke about this area of any disability are doctors and they had a perception of the so-called perception model medical and they treated the issue of learning difficulties from the medical point of view .. But after the problem arose there has been intervention by educators to illustrate the difficulty in learning and how to deal with it .. And their relationship to various theories of learning as the (procedural learning theory, the theory of classical learning, constructivist learning theory).
The behavioral theories interpretation of learning difficulties
The theory is affected by a number of behavioral models of learning, including:
1. Classical Conditioning Model
And that is called often sign Alpavlov relative to Pavlov or respondent classical, were based on this model to the formation of relations between stimuli and tribal behavior respondent so explain this model forms of learning simple as “those responses induced by stimuli of certain environmental” It is known models that have emerged from This theory (behavioral response to the exciting and Watson, which is mainly based on studies of Pavlov and method of reducing sensitivity to the progressive and discouragement method of treatment and handling of conditional reflexes).
2. Procedural Conditioning Model
Interested in this model to study the laws of learning which are subject procedural conduct and based on this model to research (Thorndike) on the conditioning active, including the law of effect, it also assigns to the studies (Skinner) on behavior analysis for effective teaching and experimental, which has had the greatest impact in modifying human behavior, where the focus researchers in this model to analyze human behavior in the normal position at which the behavior and the relationship of this behavior in environmental stimuli before and after the implementation of the piece can be the following equation: (the external environment (stimuli) – Cognitive processes (tribal behavior) – Internal events (dimensional stimuli ).
3. Social Learning Model
This is because the form in the basis of the world, who developed social theory to include biological factors and environmental knowledge to clarify the learning process through the reliance on the role of the processes of knowledge in the personal observation and modeling where the aim of this model to narrow the gap between cognitive psychology and action-oriented behavior without abandon the scientific method underlying the behavior analysis for effective teaching.
4. Cognitive Behavioral Model of Learning
This is known as model horrified by cognitive behavioral and focuses on how the individual’s awareness of the environmental events and the interpretation of the person to conduct and prove his thinking patterns of individuals and strategies for self-regulation and that the primary objective of this model is to develop the conviction of the individual competence profile which is the result of three key factors are (the external environment – Operations knowledge – internal events. (
Abstract behavior analysis for effective teaching
Thus we can say that behavioral theory emerged from behavioral psychology, where this helps science understand the way in which conduct constituted a learning as it greatly affects the way that we learn the behavior analysis for effective teaching has produced important applications in the field of learning disabilities where she presented the foundations of a method for research, evaluation and education Velsen If this theory says (that the target behavior “in response of the child” mediating groups of environmental impacts is interesting that precedes the behavior, “the task required of the student” and exciting, which follows the behavior is the “promotion or outcome. (” Therefore, the change an individual’s behavior requires an analysis of the components of the three former is: sexy me - strengthening the target – behavior or the result ).
Strategies to address learning difficulties in the light of the behavior analysis for effective teaching
A – Applied behavior analysis for effective teaching.
- Make sure to measure the performance of pupils by teachers.
- make sure to complete the selected students to work they are doing through the sequence of the basic components in the sub-tasks required of the student.
- Use this strategy in motor tasks.
- to enable the individual to describe the strategy employed a task analysis, and this gives the perception of the cognitive tasks performed by the individual.
B – Direct Teaching:
Focused strategy emanating from the behavior analysis for effective teaching to the curriculum and the tasks that must be taught to students with learning difficulties, which means that teachers have been very clear working with specific skills for students.
This is the education of every step or skill from them instead of leaving the learner with providing students with models to solve problems or interpretation of relations and the necessary support through the learning process and encourage the practice of education and this does not indicate that the teacher be the lying of information and learners passive but involves teaching students through work and activity and guide what the students and give feedback in response to them when children.
Educational applications of behavior analysis for effective teaching with learning difficulties students
Through the above can be summarized educational applications of behavior analysis for effective teaching with students and learning difficulties are as follows:
- that education is direct and explicit to be effective with students with learning difficulties in the implementation of academic tasks, it needs to analyze the components of the curriculum and how to build a behavioral sequence.
- Education can be integrated directly with many other methods of teaching methods that are used with students with learning difficulties can be used with the method of teaching individual and alternative explanations of the concepts, and take into account the individual characteristics of the child in the planning process to learn.
- You should look at the educational stage experienced by the child in multiple stages of learning, including:
Child is exposed to new knowledge but does not completely understood by example, it does not know but if the interpretation of the concept associated with it.
The student perception of knowledge at this stage but still need to practice using the Games – PC Cards – to promote … Etc..
This is a high level of performance after direct instruction and after that be withdrawn boosters or guidance teacher.
Modern teachers increasingly encounter students who enter their classroom with low motivation, learning problems, or disruptive behavior. The mission of this article is provide teachers and other to service professionals specific tools they can use to learn behavior analysis for effective teaching without using the punitive methods that are too often part of educational practices. At the same time, the article explains the behavioral science on which behavioral practices are based and well as for practicing teachers who would like to know what behavior analysis for effective teaching has to offer.
Behavior Analysis for effective teaching practices prevented discipline problems by encouraging learning and appropriate behavior from behavior analytic perspective. The basic assumption of this perspective is that effective teaching strategies also serve managerial functions through development of stimulus control and management of behavioral choice.