English Teaching Methods
English Teaching Methods
Methodology of Teaching English refers to how to learn and teach English and Linguistics, English Literature and culture. It is for anyone who wants to become teachers in the teaching of foreign languages in schools or in continuing education. The ability to teach or train and the information and knowledge to others is fundamental to a variety of jobs outside the traditional areas of education, for example, the industry of information in general, or programs and methods of personal management, especially existential .- for all students the opportunity to study and learn quickly and efficiently. The english teaching methods with the offer of two aspects, such as learning a reflection of teaching and learning. Therefore, the transfer of skills for all students of English, helping students to be aware of learning strategies, study skills training through the roof and jump, for example, or presentation skills.
English teaching methods can also mean fun, as creativity and “real life” applications, the foundation and center. Traditional methods should be combined to an environment of intercultural learning with interactive multimedia and information technology;. In this case, the traditional role-playing game on the road for intercultural encounters and conversations on the internet jobs for students and new teaching language learning and cultural aspects, for example, to learn. Presentations, brochures, CDs and websites can be part of a new method for achieving the objectives of teaching and learning, as the four basic skills in reading, listening, writing, speaking and simultaneously bring linguistics, literature and / or culturally. English teaching methods as educational concepts and psycho-linguistics to develop innovative approaches to the challenge of learning and future generations.
Several English Teaching Methods
There are many English teaching methods that contribute insights that may be absorbed into the generally accepted mix:
The grammar translation method
The grammar translation method instructs students in grammar, and provides vocabulary with direct translations to memorize. It was the predominant method in Europe in the 19th century. Most instructors now acknowledge that this method is ineffective by itself.
The teaching of grammar examines the texts, and develops awareness that language constitutes a system which can be analyzed. This knowledge is acquired gradually, by traversing the facts of language and the syntactic mechanisms, going from simplest to the most complex. The grammatical analysis of sentences constitutes the objective of the teaching of grammar at the school. Its practice makes it possible to recognize a text as a coherent whole and conditions the training of a foreign language. Grammar makes it possible for each one to understand how the mother tongue functions, in order to give him the capacity to communicate its thought.
The direct method
The direct method, sometimes also called natural method, is a method that refrains from using the learners’ native language and just uses the target language. It was established in Germany and France around 1900. The direct method operates on the idea that second language learning must be an imitation of first language learning, as this is the natural way humans learn any language – a child never relies on another language to learn its first language. The English teaching methods places great stress on correct pronunciation and the target language from outset. It advocates teaching of oral skills at the expense of every traditional aim of language teaching.
According to the English teaching methods, printed language and text must be kept away from second language learner for as long as possible, just as a first language learner does not use printed word until he has good grasp of speech.
Learning of writing and spelling should be delayed until after the printed word has been introduced, and grammar and translation should also be avoided because this would involve the application of the learner’s first language. All above items must be avoided because they hinder the acquisition of a good oral proficiency.
The audio-lingual method
The audio-lingual method has students listen to or view recordings of language models acting in situations. Students practice with a variety of drills, and the instructor emphasizes the target language at all times.
Communicative language teaching
Communicative language teaching (CLT) is an approach to the English teaching methods that emphasizes interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language. Despite a number of criticisms, it continues to be popular, particularly in Europe, where constructivist views on language learning and education in general dominate academic discourse.
In recent years, Task-based language learning (TBLL), also known as task-based language teaching (TBLT) or task-based instruction (TBI), has grown steadily in popularity. TBLL is a further refinement of the CLT approach, emphasizing the successful completion of tasks as both the organizing feature and the basis for assessment of language instruction.
Language immersion puts students in a situation where they must use a foreign language, whether they know it. This creates fluency, but not accuracy of usage.
Paul Rowe’s minimalist/methodists approach. This new approach is underpinned with Paul Nation’s three actions of successful ESL teachers. Initially it was written specifically for unqualified, inexperienced people teaching in EFL situations. However, experienced language teachers are also responding positively to its simplicity. Language items are usually provided using flashcards. There is a focus on language-in-context and multi-functional practices.
Directed practice has students repeat phrases. The english teaching methods is used by U.S. diplomatic courses. It can quickly provide a phrasebook-type knowledge of the language. Within these limits, the student’s usage is accurate and precise. However the student’s choice of what to say is not flexible.
English teaching methods is a combination of theoretical studies with applied research and can serve as a bridge to the future, internships and jobs. It offers a range of possibilities for project work and empirical research.